For Asians, the tomb was not symbolize death, on the contrary, it is a symbol of a different life, eternal life. So the tomb is the “home of the afterlife”. That seems to be most evident in the imperial city of Hue.
Urban rarity like Hue, a city right from its inception has been planned balance including Duong half body (Citadel-urban living for people) is located in the east and Music section (the mausoleum impregnation for the deceased) is located in the west, and the beautiful Perfume river is the axis connecting the two parts of this line sound. Just so, for nearly 150 years dynasty took Hue capital of the country, the river is known as the “royal road”, the “Way of the return”, because all the emperors dynasty after the ice, were taken by boat, upstream the river to buried in their tombs. Hue today still preserved large tomb’s seven kings, queens and tens Nguyen Dynasty tombs of the Nguyen Lords and the pilots, hundreds of tombs of princes scale, officials … mostly distributed in the mountains to the west and southwest of the city. All the tombs are from Hue was formally known as “Tomb”, a special rhetorical old days that would rank only for the emperor, empress. Of course, among them, the tombs of the emperors had a prominent place by large-scale and special values of the history, architecture, art, philosophy …
Tomb of Gia Long (Thien Tho Tomb) was built in 1814-1820, is the first royal tombs of the Nguyen dynasty. Steering area has a total planned area up to this 2.875ha located upstream the Perfume River, about 16km from the city of Hue. Tomb of King Gia Long and Empress is leaning against the mountain, took the top of Dai Thien Tho painted as a criminal, facing south. Around the tomb has up to 42 large and small mountains flanking the terrain is extremely majestic, spacious. In this area there are 6 other tombs throne of the King family, including money Dynasty tomb Nguyen Lords, the queen steering, steering queen, princess. Perhaps King Gia Long had planned the entire area became general cemetery of the kings of the Nguyen family but later Nguyen did not comply with this desire? Tomb of Minh Mang (Xiaoling Mausoleum) was built in 1840-1843, is situated in the mountains Hieu Son, near the confluence of the two branches of Ta Trach and Huu Trach, make up the main section of the river. Input Mausoleum pillow Kim Phung mountain, 475m high mountain, painted all of the Hue, the total planned area of nearly 500ha steering is also wide, of which approximately 15ha steering section. The structure of Minh Mang Tomb are arranged symmetrically aligned or both sides of the god of religion, much longer than 700m with elevation changes to create the space mutants. This is the famous tomb with calibration beauty and majestic.
Can say the Nguyen Dynasty tombs in Hue is the pinnacle of the art architecture of traditional Tomb Vietnam, each tomb is truly a great achievement in architecture, sculpture, decorative arts, and also function contain special values on ideological, philosophical. The tombs are very large, but the density of the buildings are not many, because nature are taken as the basis. Based on the nature, take in the beauty of the essence of nature, but higher than natural, that’s the goal, and also the idea of the consistency of the architects of the flower of the Nguyen Dynasty when planning and designing the parks mausoleum. The unique thing is that most of the author’s works are extraordinary architecture was the Nguyen Dynasty emperors: King Gia Long, Minh Mang design their tombs; King Tu Duc Mausoleum designed Thieu Tri and Tu Duc; King Khai Dinh himself planning and direction building application Mausoleum. Perhaps that alone was enough to make up the legends and the special attraction of the Nguyen Dynasty tombs for visitors from near and far.